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The Advantages and Disadvantages of Gate Valves

Aug. 25, 2022


What is a Gate Valve?


Gate valves are a type of valve that is widely used in many different pipeline systems to connect and shut off flow of the medium. Gate valves are not suitable for regulating the flow of the medium, but they can judge the amount of flow according to the height of the sanitary valve stem. Compared with other types of valves, the gate valve is more versatile and has a wider range of applications for pressure, temperature, and caliber.

Cast Steel Gate Valve

What Are the Different Types of Gate Valves?


There are several different types of gate valves that all serve slightly different purposes in fluid, gas, and slurry processing systems. Gate valves are categorized by their internal framework and by valve stem type.


Gate Valve Categories


1. Gate Valve Internal Structure:


Gate valves can have four different styles of the internal framework, mostly differing in the type of sealing plate. The four different structures are edge single gate plate type, elastic gate plate type, double gate plate type, and parallel gate plate type.


2. Gate Valve Stem Stent:


Gate valves can have two different types of valve stems a rising stem gate valve or a non-rising stem gate valve.


What are the advantages and disadvantages of gate valves?


Gate valves are commonly used to control fluids by starting and stopping the medium. They only offer minimal flow regulation, so they are suited to efficiently execute a range of industrial functions. You should consider the pros and cons of gate valves to determine if they're the right fit for your pipeline system. Let's take an in-depth look at the advantages and disadvantages of gate valves below.


The Main Advantages of Gate Valves


1. Gate Valves Have Low Fluid Resistance


The gate valve's body is a straight-through shape that does not alter the flow direction, allowing fluid to pass through the valve (when in the fully open position) with minimal resistance compared to other types of valves.


2. Gate Valves Provide Superior Sealing Performance


Gate valves provide better sealing performance than shut-off valves. The gate valve's opening and closing mechanism are faster and more convenient than those of the shut-off valve.

Stainless Steel Gate Valve


3. Gate Valves Have a Wide Application Range


Gate valves are extremely versatile and can be used in applications with mediums like steam, oil, and other media. Plus, gate valves can be used in mediums containing granular solids and with high viscosity. It can also be used as a venting valve and a low vacuum system valve.


4. Gate Valves are Bidirectional


Gate valves have dual flow directions. They're not limited to one-way flow, nor are they subject to the flow directions of the medium. Therefore, gate valves are suitable for use in pipelines where the flow direction may change. Plus, they are easier to install than other more sophisticated types of valves.


The Main Disadvantages of Gate Valves


1. Gate Valves Open & Close Slowly


During the opening process, the valve plate needs to be lifted to the upper part of the valve chamber. During the closing process, the valve plate needs to fall into the valve seat. The distance that the valve plate must move in order to open or close is relatively large, leading to a long opening and closing time. This disadvantage makes gate valves impractical for applications that require rapid actuation.


2. Gate Valves can be Prone to Scratches


The opening and closing processes between the valve plate and the two sealing surfaces of the valve seat can create excess friction that may lead to scratches on the sealing surface. These scratches might seem innocuous, but eventually, they have an impact on the sealing performance and the service life. These damages are not always easy to repair, but gate valves are easy to install and replace.


What are the Applications of Gate Valves?


Gate valves are usually used to shut off fluid flow completely or provide full flow. Gate valves generally operate in either the fully closed or fully open positions. Gate valves only have a few parts, which makes them easy to install. The components of gate valves are a valve body, seat and disc, a spindle, gland, and a wheel for operating the valve.

Thank you for reading our article and we hope it can help you better understand the advantages and disadvantages of gate valves. If you want to learn more about gate valves, we would like to advise you to contact us now.

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